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Because the Luftwaffe was suffering severe losses in the air war against the RAF, the forced labour contingent was driven hard. Jewish prisoners who worked there were afraid of being gassed, if they did not work hard enough.
Some died of the hard work, some from typhus. Those who could not work any longer were sent to Auschwitz. At the end of April , Weiss was in Dachau, perhaps in order to relieve the commandant, Eduard Weiter.
After being found guilty of "violating the laws and usages of war," Weiss was executed by hanging at Landsberg prison on 29 May The main gate at Dachau concentration camp , marked with the slogan Arbeit macht frei.
Reconnaissance photograph of the Majdanek concentration camp From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Martin Weiss disambiguation. T, Holocaust Research Project. Retrieved 11 August Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich: Wer war was vor und nach Aussagen des Zeugen der Verteidigung H.
Bickel NOR 4, S. Geschichte und Wirklichkeit des Vernichtungslagers, Reinbek bei Hamburg, The Holocaust in German-occupied Poland.
Action T4 Grossaktion Warsaw Human medical experiments. Perpetrators, participants, organizations, and collaborators. Judenrat, victims, documentation and technical.
Aftermath, trials and commemoration. Frankfurt Auschwitz trials Treblinka trials. Retrieved from " https: Views Read Edit View history.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Martin Gottfried Weiss. Commandant of Neuengamme concentration camp April — September This idea was not entirely new, as a similar but never realized proposal had already been considered in October According to the testimony of Franz Xaver Dorsch , who was responsible for the construction, the fighter factory would be completed in five to six months at best.
There was an adequately solid gravel bed beneath the terrace of the Inn and the water table was adequately deep. Other companies worked on the project as subcontractors.
The cost of the project has been estimated at almost 26 million Reichsmarks. A huge workforce was necessary for the construction project. Therefore, it was decided that forced labor would be employed, as was common under the Nazis for projects of this magnitude.
A large number of Soviet prisoners of war also made up the forced laborers. Overall more than 10, workers were assigned to the Weingut I construction site.
The company was paid 1,, Next the necessary ground for the project was confiscated without compensation. The Ecksberg Foundation, a home for the mentally ill, had been taken over by the state in The equipment had to be brought together from sources throughout the Reich and its occupied territories, which was an especially complicated endeavor given the military situation.
Besides these additional smaller bunkers intended to serve as air raid shelters were erected before construction on the main site began.
Upon completion the entire bunker was to be covered with soil and planted over with trees and bushes, but considering the scale of the project it was hardly possible to effectively camouflage it from aerial reconnaissance during the construction process.
Efforts to that effect were therefore not especially thorough. The reasons why are unclear. One reason could be that the existence of the work camp was known and that the Allies did not want to risk bombing it by accident.
It may also have been known that its completion was unlikely and thus other targets presented a higher priority.
The actual work on Weingut I began in July According to plans, the bunker would be made up of 12 arches stretching east to west in a barrel vault meters long and 85 meters wide.
The arches would have an internal height of Their thickness reached 3 meters, and would have eventually reached 5 meters through a further concrete pour.
For the building of the bunker an effective and simple new procedure was employed. First an underground "extraction tunnel", fitted with a single train track and a gated roof, was built along the entire length of the planned bunker.
Next the foundations for the abutments, which were up to 17 m thick, were dug. The gravel extracted from the foundations was piled up between the foundations to support the arches while they were being built, essentially serving as formwork instead of traditional wooden scaffolding.
As each arch was completed, the gravel beneath it was dug out and dumped through the gates of the extraction tunnel into waiting mine carts, which would then be taken away.
When the tunnel had been completely uncovered it would be disassembled and backhoes would continue the excavation to a depth of Starting from the east, one arch after another was erected in this way.
Eight floors were to be erected beneath the arches, but this was only begun with the first arch. By the end of April only seven of the projected twelve arches were completed.
In the last months of the war it was no longer possible to obtain the necessary materials and workers in order to stay on schedule. The company was allowed to dismantle and remove its construction equipment, and the Reichsbahn took up the tracks that led to the complex.
Next the army decided to use the grounds as a bomb test site in order to determine the effectiveness of the bunker: It is recommended that the U.